Each province or territory in Canada decides what age qualifies a person as an adult, the age
of majority. Generally, the age of majority is 18 or 19, depending on the province or
territory. There are special requirements for a minor to study in Canada if he or she is under
the age of majority. A minor child must either come with a parent or legal guardian, or have
a guardian in Canada.
A guardian is a responsible adult who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident and who has been
designated to care for and support the minor in Canada. An immigration officer must be satisfied
that once in Canada, during their studies, the minor child will have the necessary support.
Unaccompanied minors who wish to obtain a study permit and come to Canada without an accompanying adult
must appoint a guardian to care for and support them during their stay in Canada.
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) requires a notarized
declaration that has been signed by the minor’s parents in the country of origin and the guardian in Canada.
To learn more about finding a guardian, please contact the
office of the institution where the minor plans to study.